By Malyn Newitt
A historical past of Portuguese abroad enlargement 1400-1668 offers an obtainable survey of the way the Portuguese turned so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in components as remote as Asia, Africa and South the USA. Malyn Newitt examines how the guidelines and associations of a overdue medieval society have been deployed to assist enlargement into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via competition with Castile, this grew right into a all over the world business. eventually, he considers how resilient the Portuguese out of the country groups have been, surviving wars and common failures, and warding off assaults by means of the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders until eventually good into the 1600s. together with a close bibliography and thesaurus, A historical past of Portuguese in a foreign country enlargement 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this interesting interval of eu growth
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Additional resources for A History of Portugese Overseas Expansion 1400-1668
The voyages of ‘discovery’ down the coasts of Africa, organised after 1430 by the Infante Dom Henrique and other noblemen, were openly and explicitly a series of raids designed to obtain slaves for sale or important ‘Moors’ who might be ransomed. The forces raised by the nobles and the concelhos were supplemented by the king’s personal guards, by individual soldiers of fortune who were attracted by the prospect of war, and by mercenaries or ‘allies’. Examples of such mercenary forces were the archers and knights in the service of John of Gaunt who helped win the battle of Aljubarrota in 1385, or Muslim fighters from Granada, or soldiers recruited in one of the Spanish kingdoms who were experts in the use of firearms or in engineering.
48 As with other European armies, the expansion of the use of firearms in Iberia helped to make the old feudal armies obsolete. Guns needed expert handling and maintenance; they had to be supplied with munitions and mounted with expertise on board ship or in specially constructed gun emplacements in fortresses. Moreover the guns had to be manned all the year round as the Moroccan fortresses might be subject to surprise attacks at any time. All this increased the need for professional and permanent forces.
By 1445 the slaving ships had reached the southern limits of the Sahara and were beginning to make contact with the black kingdoms of Senegambia. Here the Portuguese found relatively dense populations which pursued settled agriculture, unlike the pastoral nomads and fishermen of the Saharan coasts. They also found kingdoms that were strong, well armed and able to resist slave raids mounted by a handful of men from a caravel. Slave raiding rapidly ceased to be an option for, as Zurara wrote, ‘their terrible manner of fighting was such as to strike many men of understanding with great terror’.
A History of Portugese Overseas Expansion 1400-1668 by Malyn Newitt