Download e-book for kindle: al-Ghazali on Divine Predicates and their Property: A by ‛Abdu-r-Rahman Abu Zayd

By ‛Abdu-r-Rahman Abu Zayd

ISBN-10: 9694321379

ISBN-13: 9789694321370

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J4 For example, the movement of the hand generates, by necessity, the movement of the ring, and the movement of the hand in water generates the movement of the water. These occurrences are observed and reason also bears them out. If the movements of the hand and ring are created by God, it would be conceivable that He may create the movement of the band without the movement of the water, and that is absurd. The absurdity of this position holds true of all generated things with all of their ramifications.

One of them is what is proper to each attribute separately. and the second is what is common to all the attributes. Let us begin with the first point, viz. the establishment of the' basis of the particularl • * attributes and the explanation of their special particular properties. l We assert that the Creator 2. of the world is Powerful because the world is a masterly work, well ordered, perfectly "arranged, including varieties of wonders and signs, and all that points to power. Properly to order the syllogism,2 we say: Any masterly work proceeds from a powerfiJl-agent.

The ft,st point. : Do"you say 13_ that the contrary to what is known could be an object of power? · This matter is controversial, but it would not be so if the true nature. of the problem were ascertained and the linguistic complexity 14_ removed. The explanation is that it has been established that· every possible thing is an object of power and that an impossible thing is not. Let 'us, therefore, examine closely whether the contrary of what is known is possible (","mkin) or iril possible (mu1}tiL) I \Ve shall not know this' until we know the meanings of impossible (mt41}til) and possible (ml4mkin) and verify both of them.

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al-Ghazali on Divine Predicates and their Property: A Critical and Annotated Translation of these chapters in al-Iqtisad fil-I‛tiqad by ‛Abdu-r-Rahman Abu Zayd


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