Download PDF by Jung-yao Lu: An Investigation of Various Linguistic Changes in Chinese

By Jung-yao Lu

ISBN-10: 1443848182

ISBN-13: 9781443848183

The comparative research of ancient linguistics makes a speciality of reconstructing old styles in response to diachronic files and typological info from a number of languages or dialects in a language staff. the final word goal of the comparative reconstruction which calls for major cross-linguistic remark and theoretical reasoning is to illustrate the historic strategy of language alterations. This booklet considers the diachronic improvement of either the chinese and the Naxi language, focusing really upon six contentious linguistic concerns which are linked to a variety of linguistic alterations in so much components of the grammar of those languages, together with phonological alterations, semantic adjustments, syntactic alterations, and contact-induced alterations. those linguistic concerns are: tonal splits in proto-checked syllables and subgrouping of Loloish; the semantic improvement of go back in chinese language; the semantic improvement of absorb chinese language; the advance of agentive passive markers in convinced dialects of chinese language; definiteness and nominalization, relativization, and genitivization in chinese language; and the advance of nominalization, relativization, and genitivization in Naxi. This quantity presents new equipment and views during which those concerns may be analyzed and resolved at the foundation of typological and diachronic proof. It makes use of cross-linguistic info from chinese language and the Tibeto-Burman languages with a view to reconstruct a variety of diachronic advancements in chinese language and Naxi.

Show description

Read Online or Download An Investigation of Various Linguistic Changes in Chinese and Naxi PDF

Similar foreign language dictionaries & thesauruses books

The Scarlet Letter (Webster's French Thesaurus Edition) - download pdf or read online

This variation is written in English. notwithstanding, there's a operating French word list on the backside of every web page for the more challenging English phrases highlighted within the textual content. there are numerous variants of The Scarlet Letter. This version will be priceless in case you wo

Webster's Portuguese to English Crossword Puzzles: Level 6 - download pdf or read online

Whether you don't like crossword puzzles, you'll prove loving those. Designed for mother-tongue or thoroughly fluent audio system of Portuguese eager to enhance their English abilities, the puzzles can also be unique to English audio system. they're formatted in order that every one puzzle might be solved in 15 to half-hour.

Read e-book online A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, PDF

The second one version of Carl Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, released in 1928, is rightly thought of to be the simplest dictionary of Syriac ever written. even if, its Latin language and the ordering of phrases based on triliteral Semitic roots make tricky to exploit for many scholars and students. additionally, the dictionary used to be composed in a very concise demeanour, which intended that references got with no mentioning any of the textual content.

Akira Miura's An Integrated Approach to Intermediate Japanese (Revised PDF

We send straight away M-F, ISBN9784789013079 fresh from writer [Revised version July 2008] With 2 CDs. mix interpreting, writing, listening and conversing four talents in a single publication. there's a workbook ISBN 9784789013086 acompany with.

Extra info for An Investigation of Various Linguistic Changes in Chinese and Naxi

Example text

The limited examples of shared systematic regularity of correspondence, such as pre-nasalized initial stops /mb-/, /nd-/, or /Ŭ‡-/, may be due to language contact (Bradley 1975:99), and (ii) there is no clear conditioning factor for its tonal splits in *stop-final syllables. It seems clear that the regular rule of Matisoff’s Loloish tonal splits is not reflected in Nahsi. The distribution of the high-level tone [55] is less predicable or even unpredictable, whether the syllable is stop-final or not (Bradley 1975:100).

39 These dialects of Yi, like Naxi, are subcategorized in the tonal-split group of flip-flop. This could be a shared diachronic tendency in Tibeto-Burman. The same thing happens in Tibetan languages; most of them are losing or have lost prenasalized stops. This is not surprising. 40 Furthermore, there is no evidence to prove that pre-nasalized stops in Naxi were borrowed because the Mosuo language spoken in the area between Naxi, Eastern Yi, and Northern Yi does not have pre-nasalized stops. Ge and Jiang (1990:73) point out that the percentage of words that are cognates between Mosuo and the Northern Yi dialect of Xide is about forty percent when excluding loanwords; therefore, the genetic relationship between Mosuo, Naxi and Northern Yi could not be too distant.

Note that this result is based on Matisoff’s reconstruction of *LB. However, when using Bradley’s (1978) reconstruction of *L, the tonal split in Nanhua seems to be conditioned by the three-way contrast between voiceless, voiced C-prefixed, and voiced non-C-prefixed initials. 31 Note that *C-prefix is a cover-symbol used by Matisoff (1972:14) which indicates voiced *b, *d, *g, *r, and *l prefixes in *TB. It is amazing that Bradley’s reconstruction can show the distinction between *voiced C-prefixed initial and *voiced non-C-prefixed initial, which reflects the two-way tonal split of the *voiced group in the Yi dialect of Nanhua.

Download PDF sample

An Investigation of Various Linguistic Changes in Chinese and Naxi by Jung-yao Lu

by Kenneth

Rated 4.93 of 5 – based on 9 votes