Read e-book online Apophonie Et Categories Grammaticales Dans Les Langues PDF

By Madeleine Petit

ISBN-10: 9042915293

ISBN-13: 9789042915299

Within the comparative grammar of Indo-European languages, Baltic languages (Lithuanian, Latvian, outdated Prussian) occupy a extraordinary place end result of the archaisms and richness in their linguistic information. probably the most outstanding characteristics is the life of apophonies, vocalic adaptations with morphological functionality. This ebook experiences the query of the Baltic apophony via a formerly hardly ever tested procedure: the relationship among radical apophony and grammatical different types (person, case, quantity, gender, mode and tense).

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Additional info for Apophonie Et Categories Grammaticales Dans Les Langues Baltiques

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Le nom de l'"eau'' dans les langues baltiques Les langues baltiques présentent, pour la désignation de l"'eau", une série de formes visiblement apparentées et anciennes, mais dont le vocalisme radical et la formation morphologique divergent parfois de manière considérable. Les formes attestées sont les suivantes 110 : - V. PRUSSIEN: wundan / wasser "eau", nt. (E 59), wunda / wasser (GrG 10), wunda / wasserre (GrA 6), wunda / aqua 108. Dossier comparatif: Bammesberger (1985, p. 111-113), Huld (1986, p.

La finale du nominatif singulier -uo en lituanien est de toute façon ambiguë, car elle peut procéder aussi bien d'un prototype *-or (par ex. -e. *s(wesor) que d'un prototype *-on (par ex. lit. -e. *poi-mon)129. 128. En ce sens, Smoczyftski (1997, p. 72, note 45 = 2001, p. 198, note 45), qui compare v. pro buttan "das Haus", mettan "das Jahr", me/tan "das Mehl", etc. Voir aussi Petit (2000b, p. 40). 129. La seule forme présentant encore de manière vivante une finale *-uo < *-or en baltique est le nom de la "sœur" (lit.

Heiligenbeil" (attesté en 1423)107. aussi possible). La forme dialectale du v. -e. présentent de nombreuses variations apophoniques, qui amènent à recons- *jI)hrter- > balt. *jfnter- > v. lit. inté). Mais il est infmiment plus truire un paradigme hétéroclitique alternant. Selon Beekes (1984, p. 5), vraisemblable qu'elle résulte d'une évolution phonétique de la diphtongue prolongeant une analyse de Schindler (1975), la flexion indo-européenne du * en > *in, évolution propre au dialecte haut-lituanien oriental de 105.

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Apophonie Et Categories Grammaticales Dans Les Langues Baltiques by Madeleine Petit

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