By Thomas Aquinas, R. W. Dyson
Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) is a very influential determine within the historical past of Western suggestion and the Catholic church. during this significant addition to the Cambridge Texts within the historical past of Political proposal sequence, Robert Dyson has translated texts by means of Aquinas that mirror the total diversity of his pondering, and obviously express his improvement of a Christian model of the philosophy of Aristotle. His translations are supported by means of short biographies, notes for additional interpreting and a concise severe creation.
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Extra info for Aquinas: Political Writings
This in itself is a fact of considerable signiﬁcance. Second, and as a direct consequence of the rehabilitation of Aristotle, he was largely responsible for a wholesale re-evaluation of political activity and participation as worthwhile activities apart from any connection with the Church. At the xxxv Introduction cost of some oversimpliﬁcation, we may say that, in this regard, he helped to make ‘modern’ normative political theory possible. Third, although he himself abstains from an extended treatment of ‘Church and State’, he made available the intellectual equipment by which his successors – notably Marsilius of Padua – were at last to begin to unravel the longestablished interweaving of secular and spiritual themes in European political discourse.
D). xxxi Introduction his argument would no doubt ﬁnd expression as an argument in favour of progressive or redistributive taxation. The best known and most discussed aspect of St Thomas’s political writing is his analysis and typology of law (Chapter ). He distinguishes four kinds of law: eternal law, natural law, human law and Divine law. The idea of natural law in particular – although, of course, not new – is given a detailed philosophical treatment unprecedented in Christian and pagan literature; although it will be noticed that St Thomas’s philosophical orientation when dealing with law is much more Platonist than Aristotelian.
M. , ); B. Davies, The Thought of Thomas Aquinas (Oxford, ). Moral philosophy On St Thomas’s moral philosophy generally see R. M. , ); G. Stevens, ‘Moral Obligation in St Thomas’, The Modern Schoolman (–), pp. ff. For St Thomas’s understanding of Aristotle’s treatment of the virtues, see Harry Jaffa, Thomism and Aristotelianism (Chicago, ); see also R. , ); J. Pieper, The Four Cardinal Virtues: Prudence, Justice, Fortitude, Temperance (New York, ). Natural law On natural law in St Thomas see R.
Aquinas: Political Writings by Thomas Aquinas, R. W. Dyson