Initially released in 1983, The Cambridge historical past of Arabic Literature was once the 1st common survey of the sector to were released in English for over fifty years and the 1st tried in such element in a multi-volume shape. The volumes of the historical past supply a useful resource of reference and figuring out of the highbrow, literary and non secular historical past of the Arabic-speaking and Islamic international. This quantity starts its assurance with the oral verse of the 6th century advert, and ends with the autumn of the Umayyad dynasty centuries later. inside this era fall significant occasions: the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad, the founding of the Islamic faith, the nice Arab Islamic conquests of territories open air the Arabian Peninsula, and their assembly, as overlords, with the Byzantine and Sasanian international. members to this quantity speak about an array of issues together with the impacts of Greeks, Persians and Syrians on early Arabic literature.
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Additional info for Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period (The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature)
The truly great poet was called the "pedigree stallion" (khindhidh); and the title of "one who does something extraordinary" (mufliq) was often applied to the second in rank, and sometimes to the first rank. In addition to Mu'allaqdt authors (p. 30 above), top rank among the Jahiliyyah poets was accorded to al-Muhalhil, the maternal uncle of Imru' al-Qays, to Abu Du'ad, Tufayl, Aws b. Hajar and many others. There were poets who were considered equal with thcfuhul but accorded second rank because they did not compose many qasjdahs, as in the case of Tarafah, who died young, but composed one of the most celebrated qasjdahs, the second Mu'allaqah.
2 The flute and the tambourine seem to have been their chief instruments of music. Their wild desert life was controlled by an overwhelming awareness of concepts of renown and prestige. A man acted always to protect his pride, this being the foremost item of personal honour. This individualism was both enhanced and tempered by the interactions of a universally observed inter-tribal code of behaviour, based on concepts of honour (sharaf)y represented by blood-feud (thdr), jealousy (ghayrah) for their womenfolk, hospitality (karam) and succour (najdah) of the weak, including women, orphans and combatants outnumbered by their foes.
L6 BACKGROUND TOPICS between these two types of syllable is fundamental for all Arabic verse rhythms. The most distinctive unit in Arabic verse is the bayt, usually rendered by European scholars as "line", although it has an average length of some twenty syllables, and is thus considerably longer than the " line " of English verse. The essential rhythmical structure of the first bayt of any piece of verse is repeated unvaryingly in every subsequent bayt of the piece, however long. The baytitself, however, is divided into two hemistichs or " half-lines " (shatr), and the rhythmical pattern of the first of these is repeated in the second, with the proviso that the last two or three syllables of the second half-line usually exhibit some minor modification of the pattern occurring at the end of the first half-line.
Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period (The Cambridge History of Arabic Literature)